Honey Bees and Pollination

Recommended Resources

The Ontario Beekeepers Association:

Contained in this link are the following useful fact sheets and publications on honey bee diseases and pests available for download: “An Introduction to Honey Bee Pests and Diseases in Ontario”

Varroa mites:
“Varroa Mites – Biology and Diagnosis”
“Varroa Mites – Sampling and Monitoring Infestation Levels”
“Single Application Formic Acid Guide”
“Oxalic Acid Protocol”
“Oxalic Acid Safety Info”

American Foulbrood:
“American Foulbrood – Biology and Diagnosis”
“American Foulbrood – Prevention and Management”

Small Hive Beetle:
“Small Hive Beetle Info”
“Small Hive Beetle Treatment Recommendations”

Nosema cerenae:
“What you need to know about Nosema Ceranae”
“Nosema Assessment Protocol”
“Nosema Sampling Vacuum Plans”

Mid-Atlantic Apicultural Research and Extension Consortium:
Contained in this link are numerous other useful fact sheets and publications on honey bee diseases and pests available for download.

The Canadian Association of Professional Apiculturists has an excellent publication outlining diseases and pests of honey bees.  It is available for order via this link

The Ontario Beekeepers’ Association Technology Transfer Program has a Integrated Pest Management for Beekeeping in Ontario’ that provides additional information for pest and disease monitoring and management.  It is available for purchase following this link, as well as the above CAPA publication.

Fact Sheets and Publications on Overwintering:

Successful overwintering is a significant challenge facing the beekeeping industry in Atlantic Canada and is a management point that must be tailored to specific Atlantic Canada conditions. ATTTA will be working on increasing overwintering success for bees and will provide information targeted to this region. Stay tuned for more information.

“Best Management Practices for Ontario Beekeepers in Advance of Winter”
“Overwintering Honey Bee Colonies in Northern Climates”
“Overwintering honey bees: biology and management”

Fact Sheets for Biosecurity/ Sterilization

Biosecurity is important to all aspects of agriculture, including apiaries.  By ensuring biosecurity is part of your bee yard practices, the risk of introducing diseases and pests can be minimized.  There are national standards for bee farm biosecurity available from the Canadian Food Inspection Agency. ATTTA will be addressing biosecurity in the near future.

CFIA National Bee Farm- Level Biosecurity Standard
Canadian Beekeepers’ Practical Handbook to Bee Biosecurity and Food Safety

Fact Sheets for Bee Nutrition/ Bee Yards

When bees have access to nutritious food sources throughout the season, they can be at their optimum performance.  When bees are malnourished, stressors such as diseases and pests have an even greater impact.  Here are some fact sheets outlining ideal bee yards, including which flowers to plant, where to implement bee yards and special considerations.  Stay tuned for our own bee yard fact sheet adapted to Atlantic Canada.

Enhancing Wild Bees for Crop Pollination, Bee Pasture Development (University of Maine Extension)
Habitat Creation and Management for Pollinators (Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, UK)
Attractiveness of Agricultural Crops to Pollinating Bees for the Collection of Nectar and/ or Pollen (US Department of Agriculture)
Honey Bee Nutrition and Supplementary Feeding
Honey and Pollen Plants for Canada’s Beekeepers



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Atlantic Tech Transfer Team for Apiculture (ATTTA)

ATTTA_Logo_WEBThe first-ever Atlantic Tech Transfer Team for Apiculture (ATTTA) has been created at Perennia Food and Agriculture Inc. as a joint initiative supported by government, provincial beekeeper and wild blueberry associations, and wild blueberry processors.  The majority of the project is funded under Growing Forward 2, the five-year framework agreement for agriculture which is cost-shared 60-40 between the federal and provincial governments with contributions from the provincial commodity associations.

The ATTTA team is comprised of two apiculturists, Robyn McCallum and Cameron Menzies, whose home base will be Perennia’s Bible Hill office.  Their work will be directed by an industry-led committee with their primarily focus being honey bee health, nutrition, diseases, pests and overwintering.