Winter wheat is the most popular grain grown in Nova Scotia at 8,000 acres. Winter Wheat fits very nicely into our early harvested soybean/vegetable rotations. Cereals are also grown for their straw to be used as bedding and included in dairy rations for fiber. Barley at 4,000 acres is grown mainly for inclusion in on-farm dairy, beef and sheep rations. Oats are grown on a small number of acres mainly for horse feed. Timely planting and fertility are among the biggest factors governing yield. Leaf diseases are also a problem but can be controlled by good crop rotations and foliar fungicides.